In Ohio, more people die in a year from guns than motor vehicle crashes. There were 1,154 fatal crashes in 2020 in Ohio, according to statistics provided by the Ohio Highway Patrol. There were 1,578 gun deaths in Ohio during 2019 according to CDC statistics – the fifth highest in the country.
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Current Research Studies
AMERICANS AND GUNS
Trends and Disparities in Firearms Fatalities in the United States, 1990-2021, November 29, 2022, JAMA Network Open. “Firearm fatality rates in the United States have reached a 28-year high.”
Changes in Health Care Spending, User and Clinical Outcomes After Nonfatal Firearm Injuries Among Survivors and Family Members, June 2022, Annals of Internal Medicine. “All categories of health care use increased … survivors had a 40% increase in pain diagnoses, a 51% increase in psychiatric disorders, and an 85% increase in substance use disorders after a firearm injury …”
Firearm ownership, attitudes and safe storage practices among a nationally representative sample of older U.S. adults age 50 to 80, January 28, 2022, Journal of Preventive Medicine (U-M study)
The Fight Against Rampant Gun Violence: Data-Driven Scientific Research Will Light the Way, December 2, 2021, National Institute of Justice
Key Facts About Americans and Guns; September 2021, Pew Research Center
CHILDREN AND GUNS
Child gun deaths skyrocket across the U.S.: Epidemiological trends of youth firearm mortality in the U.S. States, 2010-2019, June 2022, American Journal of Medicine Open
Association of County-Level Poverty and Inequities With Firearm-Related Mortality in US Youth, November 22, 2021, JAMA Pediatrics
Association of Neighborhood Gun Violence With Mental Health-Related Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization; September 20, 2021, JAMA Pediatrics; and
Parent and Adolescent Reports of Adolescent Access to Household Firearms in the United States; March 9, 2021, JAMA Open Network; and
Association of Firearm Access, Use, and Victimization During Adolescence With Firearm Perpetration During Adulthood in a 16-Year Longitudinal Study of Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System; February 4, 2021, JAMA Open Network; and
Youth Carrying Guns: Evidence to Assess Potential Policy-Oriented Solutions for Reducing Adolescent Firearm Carriage, January 2020, Pediatrics (Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND FIREARMS
Guns and Violence Against Women; January 5, 2022, Center for American Progress
Gender-based violence in the United States is fueled by unmitigated access to firearms, a lack of services for survivors, and dangerous narratives spread by the gun lobby.
When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2019 Homicide Data; September 29, 2021, National Violence Policy Center (24th edition)
The role of domestic violence in fatal mass shootings in the United States, 2014-2019; May 31, 2021, Injury Epidemiology
Frequently Asked Questions About Domestic Violence and Firearms, April 26, 2021, Center for American Progress; and
Intimate Partner Violence, John Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Prevention and Policy
EXTREME RISK PROTECTION ORDERS (ERPO)
As of July 1, 2020, 19 states and the District of Columbus enacted ERPO laws that allow petitioning the court to prevent an individual at risk of violence, including that of suicide, from buying or possessing a firearm(s). John Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Prevention and Policy/Extreme Risk Protection Orders.
GUN LAWS (A 2021 study by Rutgers finds that states with more gun laws have lower youth gun violence numbers.)
• Stand Your Ground … Analysis of “Stand Your Ground” Self-defense Laws and Statewide Rates
of Homicides and Firearm Homicides. JAMA Open Network, February 21, 2022
• State vs. Local Gun Control Laws … States Laws Limit Local Control Over Guns, Favor Gun Rights (despite mass shootings and public demonstrations, gun laws slow to change). New York University School of Global Public Health study May 20, 2021
• Stand Your Ground … Effects of Laws Expanding Civilian Rights to Use Deadly Force in Self-Defense on Violence and Crime: A System Review, American Journal of Public Health, February 23, 2021; and
The Effects of Stand-Your-Ground Laws, Rand Research/Gun Policy in America, April 22, 2020
• Permit to Purchase … Firearm Policy and Youth Suicide—In Pursuit of Mechanistic Explanations. A study exploring changes in firearm suicides among youth and young adults and changes in lowering legal age for a concealed carry permit and repealing a permit to purchase law. JAMA Network, November 4, 2020
• Concealed Carry … New research puts the ‘good guy with a gun’ idea to rest: Loose concealed-carry laws are linked to more firearm homicides. Research article, “Comparing the Impact of Household Gun Ownership and Concealed Carry Legislation on the Frequency of Mass Shootings and Firearms Homicide,” published in Justice Quarterly, July 23, 2020; and
More Than 1,360 Non-Self Defense Deaths Involving Concealed Carry Killers Since 2007. Research from the Violence Policy Center, March 18, 2020
• Child Access … Tighter Gun Laws Produce ‘Small But Meaningful’ Drop in Firearm Deaths: Study, Rand Research, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 15, 2020
• Armed Staff in Schools … The Effects of Laws Allowing Armed Staff in K-12 Schools, Rand Research/Gun Policy in America, April 22, 2020
Source: Centers for Disease Control Firearm Violence Prevention
GUN VIOLENCE: A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS
Gun Mortality Data … a CDC report shared by The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence: A Public Health Crisis Decades in the Making, February 2021; and
Nearly 500,000 Years of Life Lost in Ohio Due to Gun Violence Over 10 Years. Research study: Years of Lost Life: Firearm Fatalities 2009-2018, conducted by the Ohio Alliance for Innovation in Population Health, with data from the Ohio Department of Health, 2009-2018
GUN VIOLENCE VICTIMIZATION
Emotional and Physical Symptoms After Gun Victimization in the U.S., 2009-2019. February 2021, Preventive Medicine; and
Differences in Public Support for Gun Policies Between Women and Men, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, January 2021 … a study examining differences between men and women for specific gun policies aimed at reducing gun violence, January 2021; and
Lifetime Risk of Death From Firearm Injuries Drug Overdoses, and Motor Vehicle Accidents in the United States, American Journal of Medicine, October 2020
MENTAL HEALTH AND GUNS
Mental health outcomes from direct and indirect exposure to firearm violence. Journal of Criminal Justice, June 30, 2022
Mental health assessments fail to identify suicidal ideation among gun owners, Dr. Craig J. Bryan, clinical psychologist with The Ohio State University, May 2022.
Extreme Risk Protection Orders: New Recommendations for Policy and Implementation, Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy in collaboration with John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, October 2020.
American Roulette … Murder-Suicide in the United States. Violence Policy Center, July 2020
Surge in Firearm Purchasing During Pandemic’s Onset Linked to Higher Rates of Firearm Violence in U.S., UC Davis Violence Prevention Program study, July 6, 2020.
SUICIDE BY GUN
History of Alcohol Offenses Associated with Higher Suicide Risk for Men Who Bought Handguns, UC Davis Health/Preventive Medicine, October 7, 2021
Studies Look at Youth Firearm Injury Demographics, Access to Guns, American Academy of Pediatrics, March 29, 2021; and
New Research on Guns and Suicide Risks, The Trace, September 11, 2020, indicates that from 2008-2019, the suicide rate of youth and young adults between the ages of 10 and 24 increased 56%, according to CDC data; and
The Firearm Suicide Crisis: Physicians Can Make a Difference, Annals of Family Medicine, May 2020. Researchers from The Ohio State University College of Public Health & Division of General Internal Medicine.