Firearm Injury & Deaths
CDC (2016) Reports :
- Gun violence is the 3rd leading cause of death for US children
- Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death for all Americans
- A majority of suicides are completed with a firearm
Compared to other high-income countries, American children aged 5-14 are 14 times more likely to be killed with guns; and American adolescents and young adults aged 15-24 are 23 times more likely to be killed with guns .
In 2016, guns killed 38,658 people in the United States, including 495 unintentional deaths, 22,938 suicides and 14,925 homicides. A further 116,414 people were seriously injured by guns.
2016: 1,524 gun deaths in Ohio; this is a rate of 12.9 per 100,000 – higher than the US rate of 11.8. 
Eighty percent of all firearm deaths in about two dozen populous, high-income countries — Australia, France, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom and 18 others — occur in the U.S., and 87 percent of all children ages 0-14 killed by firearms in this group of nations are U.S. children killed in the United States. 
Based on data from 2012-2016, on average there are 318 Americans shot everyday with 96 of those resulting in fatalities. These fatalities can be attributed to the following causes:
- 59 suicides
- 34 murders
- 1 unintentional shooting
- 1 legal intervention
- 1 unknown intent 
Youth & Guns
In the 2015 nationally-representative Youth Risk Behavior Survey, youth in grades 9-12 reported the following:
- 16.2% reported carrying a weapon (gun, knife or club)on one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey; the prevalence was higher among males (24.3%) than females (7.5%).
- 5.3% reported carrying a gun on one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey; the prevalence was higher among males (8.7%) than females (1.6%). 
In 2014, 4,300 young people ages 10 to 24 were victims of homicide—an average of 12 each day.
- Homicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for young people ages 10 to 24 years old.
- Among homicide victims 10 to 24 years old in 2014, 86% (3,703) were male and 14% (597) were female.
- Among homicide victims ages 10 to 24 years old in 2014, 86% were killed with a firearm.
Youth homicides and assault-related injuries result in an estimated $18.2 billion in combined medical and work loss costs. 
Gun Violence & Mental Health
Individuals with mental illness are more likely to be victims of violence than to inflict violence on others.
According to the American Mental Health Counselors Association (2017):
- Only 3 to 5 percent of all violence, including but not limited to firearm violence, is attributable to serious mental illness.
- Rates of violent crime victimization are 12 times higher among the population of persons with serious mental illness than among the overall U.S. population. 
Gun Ownership & Self-Defense
There are an estimated 270 million firearms in the US, which is approximately 90 guns for every 100 people in the United States. But these high numbers of firearms are concentrated in a small minority of households. In 2014, only 32.4% of American households had a gun in the home. 
A gun in the home is 22 times more likely to be used to kill or injure in a domestic homicide, suicide, or unintentional shooting than to be used in self-defense. 
In 2014, for every one gun death considered “justified” for self-defense, there were 34 criminal homicides. 
Another study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology similarly found that “persons with guns in the home were at greater risk of dying from a homicide in the home than those without guns in the home.” This study determined that the presence of guns in the home increased an individual’s risk of death by homicide by 90%. 
In a study published in April 2018 in the American Journal of Public Health found that 54% of participants reported not storing their gun safely
- Safe Storage defined as: “in a locked gun safe, cabinet, or case, locked into a gun rack, or stored with a trigger lock or other lock.” 
According to Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, 30 states and the District of Columbia mandate that anyone who may legally own a handgun under that state’s laws and properly applies for a concealed carry permit, “shall” be issued the permit. Additional requirements vary by state. These are known as “shall issue” or right to carry (RTC) states.
Eight states allow public safety officials to retain some discretion to issue or deny a concealed carry permit, these are called “may issue” states.
In twelve states, no permit is required to carry a concealed weapon, these are called “permitless” states.
Ohio is a “shall issue” state. 
Intersection of Domestic Violence & Gun Violence
According to the Violence Policy Center, in 2015 there were 1,686 females murdered by males in single victim/single offender incidents that were submitted to the FBI for its Supplementary Homicide Report.
An analysis of this report indicated:
- For homicides in which the victim to offender relationship could be identified 93% of female victims were murdered by a male they knew
- 14 times as many females were murdered by a male they knew than females who were killed by a stranger
- For victims who knew their offenders, 64% of female homicide victims were wives or intimate acquaintances of their killers 
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016). Deaths and mortality. National Center for Health Statistics. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm
 Everytown for Gun Safety (2018). The Impact of Gun Violence on American Children and Teenagers. https://everytownresearch.org/impact-gun-violence-american- children-teens/
 Everytown for Gun Safety (2018). Gun Violence in America. https://everytown research.org/gun-violence-by-the-numbers/
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018). Stats of the state of Ohio. National Center for Health Statistics. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/ohio/ ohio.htm
 Hemenway D, Richardson EG. (2011). Homicide, suicide and unintentional firearm fatality: comparing the United States with other high-income countries, 2003. J Trauma, 70(1), 238-43. 2 CDC. WISQARSTM. Report run
 Brady Campaign & Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence. (2018). Gun Deaths Every Year. http://www.bradycampaign.org/sites/default/files/Brady-Campaign- 5Year-Gun- Deaths-Injuries-Stats_02-22-2018.pdf
 Cassandra K. Crifasi, Mitchell L. Doucette, Emma E. McGinty, Daniel W. Webster, Colleen L. Barry. (2018). Storage Practices of US Gun Owners in 2016, American Journal of Public Health 108, no. 4: pp. 532-537. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304262
 Giffords Law Center for Gun Violence Prevention. Statistics. http://lawcenter.giffords.org/facts/statistics/
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Youth Violence: Facts At a Glance. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/yv-datasheet.pdf
 Webster, D., Crifasi, C., Vernick, J., McCourt, A. (2017). Concealed Carry of Firearms: Fact vs. Fiction. John Hopkins School of Public Health. https://www.jhsph. edu/research/centers-and-institutes/johns-hopkins-center-for-gun-policy-and-research/publications/concealed-carry-of-firearms.pdf
 Violence Policy Center (2017). When men murder women: An analysis of 2015 homicide data. http://vpc.org/studies/wmmw2017.pdf
 Violence Policy Center (2017). Firearm justifiable homicides and non-fatal self-defense gun use: An analysis of Federal Bureau of Investigation and National Crime Victimization Survey data. http://www.vpc.org/studies/justifiable17.pdf
 Brady Campaign to Prevention Gun Violence. About Gun Violence. Accessed August 2018. http://www.bradycampaign.org/about-gun-violence